belongs to the temperate zone featured by four distinctive
seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter.
yearly average temperature of Seoul is 12.9 degrees C. Temperatures
in Seoul tend to fluctuate a great deal, reaching as high
as 36.1 degrees C in the summer and dropping as low as -13.7
degrees C in the winter. Influenced by the north Pacific
high pressure system, Seoul has hot and humid summers with
average temperatures above 20 degrees C from June through
the midsummer period the city often records daily highs
of over 30 degrees C. In winter, Seoul is topographically
influenced by the expansion of the Siberian high pressure
and prevailing west wind with temperatures dropping lower
than other regions on the same latitude. The rise and fall
of the high pressure system causes a typical cycle of three
successive cold days followed by four warmer days, relieving
people from freezing temperatures.
annual precipitation in Seoul averages 1,210.2 mm, which
is more than the average amount of rainfall across the peninsula.
Most of the rainfall is concentrated in the rainy months
(monsoon period) of June through September when downpours
account for about 70 % of the total annual precipitation.
Except for those rainy spells, however, Seoul boasts fine
weather throughout the year and is especially famous for
its azure autumn skies.
Korean flag is called t'aegukki. Its design symbolizes
the principles of yin and yang in Oriental philosophy.
The circle in the center of the flag is divided into
two equal parts. The upper red section represents the
positive cosmic forces of yang. Conversely, the lower
blue section represents the negative cosmic forces of
yin. The two forces together embody the concepts of
continual movement and balance and harmony that characterize
the sphere of infinity. The circle is surrounded by
four trigrams, one in each corner. Each trigram symbolizes
one of the four universal elements :
national flower of Korea is the Mugunghwa or Rose
of Sharon. Every year from June to October a profusion
of Mugunhwa blossoms grace the entire country. Unlike
most flowers, Mugunghwa is remarkably tenacious and
is able to withstand both blight and insects. The
flower's symbolic significance stems from Mugunghwa's
root word, "Mugung," meaning immortality. This word
accurately reflects the perseverance and determination
of the Korean people that has been demonstrated through
their long history.